Negative emotional experiences, meanwhile, can frame new experiences in profoundly damaging ways. Consider the child whose earliest experiences in school with writing involve heavy correction and little encouragement. This sort of response to writing is often a consequence of a teacher disregarding how students feel about their efforts.
Work returned from teachers appears to the student to have been savaged with red; whatever potential the child has as a writer goes unrecognized and buried in negativity. That negative emotional experience in turn is likely to frame new experiences with writing. The result is that the student will avoid writing. When absolutely required to write, the student will take no chances that might, with encouragement, lead to breakthroughs, but will undoubtedly, in the face of fear, lead to minimal growth, if any.
The above comes from Peter Smagorinsky's piece about David Coleman and The Common Core. Do follow the hyperlinked text above to read all of Smagorinsky's work here.